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Thanks to in vitro fertilization, a therapy used for 32 years by millions of couples with fertility problems and who wish to have children, it is estimated that more than four million boys and girls have been born in the world. The "father" or the discoverer of this assisted reproductive technique, the British Robert Edwards, has just been awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine.
I suppose that only those who have experienced the difficulty of having a child can understand the great value of this recognition. In vitro fertilization has revolutionized the treatment of human infertility. It is especially indicated for couples in which the woman presents alterations at the level of the fallopian tubes, as well as in cases in which the man has a moderate decrease in the number or mobility of sperm.
It is estimated that today, one in ten couples has difficulty having children. A couple is considered infertile when after a year of having sex without using contraception, the woman is unable to become pregnant. Currently, there are treatments that act directly on the pathology that causes infertility, both in men and women. In this sense, they are divided into two groups, artificial insemination and in vitro fertilization. The first is indicated in cases of sterility with no apparent cause or with mild male factor, while the second is a slightly more complex technique that enables the union between the ovum and the sperm and subsequent implantation in the wall of the uterus of the woman. Robert Edwards' contribution to modern medicine represents a great event and a great satisfaction for many, many families. Being able to fertilize human eggs outside the woman's body facilitated, 32 years ago, the birth of the world's first "test tube baby", the British Louise Brown. And I am sure that today, especially, her parents will feel somewhat happier with this recognition. Vilma Medina. Editor of our site
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